The Sierra de Bufarán and Pedroso

The Sie­rra de Pe­droso Bu­fa­rán and is the main moun­tain ridge of the cen­tral area of As­tu­rias littoral. It pre­sents a NE-SW orien­ta­tion with Friera peak (623 m) and Gorfolí(618 m) as the nort­hern boundary, and the Gorge of Pe­ña­flor, cut by the ri­ver Nalón, as southern. Its axis trans­verse to make the ad­mi­nis­tra­tive boun­dary ri­ver bet­ween the coun­ties of Las Re­gue­rras (east) and Can­damo (West), mu­ni­ci­pa­li­ties that are part of the­lo­cal con­sor­tium Ca­min Real de La Mesa, which also owns Illas (north of the moun­tains) and Grado (south). Dimensions no­te­worthy, be­si­des those mentioned, are the rock of the Ra­ven (544 m), high La Lli­nas (594 m) high La De­go­llada (624.40 m) with its trig point, the peak Pe­droso or Pe­drozu (614 m) and the Ci­mero peak (424 m).

Ri­ver Dele, born in it and runs along its wes­tern side and flows into the ri­ver Nalón. On theeast side ri­vers rise Perma and Soto also Nalón affluents.

The to­po­graphy and the pro­xi­mity to the sea de­ter­mine the cli­mate of the high­lands, which is cha­rac­te­ri­zed by mild tem­pe­ra­tu­res, hu­mi­dity and fre­quent fog. Because of the mul­ti­ple folds of the te­rrain agri­cul­tu­ral use have been in re­cent de­ca­des for forestry. The early in­di­ge­nous fo­rests of chest­nut and oak gave way to pastures, largely aban­do­ned in the se­cond third of the twen­tieth cen­tury trans­for­med into scru­bland still do­mi­na­tes the nort­hern half.

Puene y desfiladero de Peñaflor

Since re­cently that part of the moun­tain hosts a wind farm. The fo­rests are more abun­dant in the sout­hern half for­ming pine fo­rests for logging, with iso­la­ted ele­ments of na­tive vegetation.

The po­pu­la­tion of the area, which has the ol­dest evi­dence the pre­sence of nu­me­rous­me­ga­lit­hic bu­rial mounds, is ty­pi­cal of mid-mountain va­lleys of As­tu­rias with small groups of low concentration.

The Ci­vil War left a strong im­print on both the lands­cape and in the co­llec­tive memory.The ri­ver Nalón, become the front line and Pe­ña­flor Gorge Bridge as a stra­te­gic en­cla­vein communications, gave an im­por­tant role to ele­va­tions of the mountains, occupied by both si­des du­ring twelve months (from Oc­to­ber 1936 to Oc­to­ber 1937), se­pa­ra­ted in pla­ces by only a few hun­dred meters.

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